The Royal Jarrals & Rajouri Dynasty - 650 years
Conquest of Rajauri
During this period, the Jarral Dynasty enjoyed a revenue of Rs 300,000 per annum. They were also recorded as being fair to all their subjects irrespective of caste or creed. In fact, many Hindus were employed in senior positions of government and received rewards for their services to the Jarral rulers.
Shah Jahan requested the Jarral King, Raja Tajuddin Khan for the hand of his daughter, princess Nawab Bai Begum (also known as Raj Mahal Begum) for the Mughal prince, Muhammed Muinuddin (who later became Emperor Aurangzeb). It was also at this time that the royal Mughal court conferred the title of Mirza on the Jarral Rajputs. Nawab Bai was the second wife of Emperor Aurangzeb and bore two sons and a daughter namely Muhammad Sultan and Moazzam Shah a.k.a. Shah Alam Bahadur Shah-1. He became the Emperor of Mughal Empire after the death of Aurangzeb. The name of the daughter was Badarunnisa who died at the age of 19 years in 1673 and was a very pious princess. Prince Mohammad Sultan who was the eldest son died in 1676 in a supervised detention as he had revolted against his father Emperor Aurangzeb.
In 1813, Raja Aghar Khan, came into conflict with Maharaja Ranjit Singh. He resisted, but was defeated, captured and later died in prison. His brother, Raja Rahimullah Khan was allowed a Jagir (estate) of 12,000 rupees.
Khan made friends with the Maharaja and was employed in many military
expeditions, including one against Kashmir which proved successful,
and for which he received a jagir worth Rs 50,000. This was held by
him until his expatriation in 1841, when he made an assassination attempt
on the life of the Dogra chieftain, Maharaja Gulab Singh
In March 1846 AD, after the defeat of the Sikhs in the First Anglo-Sikh War, under the terms of "The Treaty of Amritsar", Maharaja Gulab Singh bought the whole of Kashmir from the British, which included the Rajouri Kingdom.
Raja Rahimullah Khan's son and heir apparent, prince Faqirullah Khan in conjunction with the then Governor of Kashmir, Nawab Imam-ud-din Khan, refused to recognise the Dogras' rule and fought many battles against the Dogra Army, thus creating a havoc in the region. The Dogras then sought the help of the British to resolve the conflict.
Raja Inayatullah Khan
Raja Faqirullah Khan
Raja Faqirullah bought Musaman Burj from the British Government at a price of Rs 5000 the same year. Musaman Burj is located on the northern end of the city of Wazirabad. It comprised of approximately fifteen acres. There were six acres of gardens in the center with walkways to reach the residence. On the northern end of Musaman Burj, a tributary of the Chenab known as the Pulkhu flowed. As per history, Musaman Burj was built before the time of the Mughal Emperor, Jehangir. Raja Faqirullah further constructed a rest house for his stay while travelling to Kashmir with his wife, Queen Noorjehan. Sir Lepel H. Griffin notes in "He owned, four hundred and thirty two acres in the Mitranwali and Nika Khel villages, Tahsil Daska, Sialkot, and about one hundred acres in Radal, Tahsil Wazirabad, Gujranwala."
He was also an Honorary Magistrate at Wazirabad and a Provincial Darbari of Gujranwala. In 1877, he was conferred with the title of Khan Bahadur. He died in 1889.
It was said of Raja Faqirullah Khan:
A friend, once foe,
Raja Faqirullah Khan is a well-behaved and respectable man, the eldest
son of the Raja of Rajouri in Kashmir, opposed us in the field four
years ago like a man and has since conducted himself in his fallen condition
like a gentleman.
He took part in
the Second Afghan War, receiving the Orders of Merit and Order of British
India. In special acknowledgement of his services, a grant of six hundred
acres in Rukhanwala, Tahsil Kasur, Lahore, was to him and his heirs
in perpetuity. He was subsequently promoted to the honorary rank of
Lieutenant-Colonel in his Regiment, the 10th Bengal Lancers...for his
services at Kabul, he received the personal title of 'Raja' (though
he also inherited the title from his father)
He was the first Muslim ever to be designated as a British Ambassador. He married the daughter of the Nawab of Farakhabad and sister of Nawab Muhammad Nyaz Khan Bangash located in UP,India. Nawab Mohammad Nyaz Khan Bangash was exiled to Makkah for strongly supporting his people against the Britishers in 1857. Sardar Bahadur Raja Ataullah Khan encouraged his clansmen to join the Civil Service and the Armed Forces. He played a major part in bringing the Jarrals together was able to unite many of the family members who had chosen to live in Rehlu, during the period of their exile. He died in 1903, a highly decorated officer of his time.
Photographs of H.E. Sardar Bahadur Lt. Col. Raja Ataullah Khan are available with his Great Grandson Irfanullah Raja which date back to 1858, 1888 and 1897 and were so kindly provided by Ex-Commandant of Hodson Horse Brig. Jiti Chaudhary in India. Contact at e-mail address: email@example.com
Raja Hamidullah Khan
Raja Hamidullah Khan,
having furnished levies who were employed in Hoshiarpur, Kulu, Kangra
and Dharamsala, under the orders of the Rajouri (Jarral) clan. They
behaved in an exemplary way, and a relation of Hamidullah Khan had charge
of all posts of trust at Dharamsala. His uncle, Nawab Khan fought on
our side at Multan, and accompanied General Taylor with a body of retainers
when that officer proceeded to Nurpur to Taylor to disarm a wing of
the 4th Native Infantry. In recognition of these services Hamidullah
Khan received a Khilat of Rs.1,000 and the title of 'Raja Bahadur'...
(also) took service under Government, and died as an Extra Assistant
Commissioner in 1879. He was succeeded by his son Niamatullah Khan,
who was given the title of 'Raja' as a personal distinction and made
an Honorary Extra Assistant Commissioner.
Niamatullah Khan was also a Divisional Darbari, and his younger brother Karamatullah Khan was a Tahsildar.
He was member of Council of State for the Viceroy of India and First Chairman of the District Board of Gujranwala. He fathered five sons namely:
H.E. Lieutenant Colonel
Raja Abdullah Khan (1897-1969), who continued the tradition of dignity.
He was Pakistan's ambassador to Brazil in 1956
Jarral Population Map - UK
Jarral Population Map - South Asia
Jarral Population Map - Pakistan
Find out about 1947 war and mass Jarral migration to Pakistan. Also the story of those who choose to stayed back. More
The story of Late Con. Hassan Jarral - The conqueror of Gulgit. More
The golden times for Jarrals after mass migration, the hardships and the return of Golden Moments. More