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Preface

There are two ways this history can be covered, one - only start it from the time that the Jarrals embraced Islam, two - go back to our ancestry to find out whether we were originally Indians or the Arians who migrated (from Iran, South Asia) before Islam reached India.

Well it may turn out to be a controversial move but I think it is important to outline where our ancestry came from pre-Islam. My reason for this decision lays in recent events when clashes between Jarrals & Sol Rajputs in Koirate A.K.took place resulting in some loss of life on the Sol side. The newspapers were seen reporting 'Jarrals clash with Rajputs'. In other words, that region which is mostly dominated by Rajputs from different sub-clans, the immpresion created by paper was that Jarrals were non-rajputs and all Rajputs must unite against them. Also Major Munsaf Dad stood for elections from Cheroi sector which again is dominated by Narma Rajputs and same impression then was created resulting in a loss for Major sahib.

If someone still believes that our history should only have Muslim side of it then I will consider your request and ask for everyone's opinion and change text accordingly.

Rajput introduction

Rajput: The name is derived from Sanskrit raja-putra: "son of a king", any of about 12,000,000 landowners organized in patrilineal clans and located mainly in central and northern India, Rajputana is also called RAJWAR. The name means "land of the Rajputs. The Rajputs regard themselves as descendants of the Kshattriya (warrior ruling) class, but they actually vary greatly in status, from princely lineages to simple cultivators. There are numbers of Muslim Rajputs in the northwest, and Rajputs generally have adopted the custom of purdah (seclusion of women). Their ethos includes an intense pride in ancestry and a mettlesome regard for personal honor. They seek hypergamous marriages (i.e., the bride marrying into a social group higher than her own).
The Rajputs' origins seem to date from a great breakup of Indian society in northern and northwestern India under the impact of the Hephthalites (White Huns) and associated tribes from the mid-5th century onward. Following the breakup of the Gupta Empire (late 6th century), invading groups were probably integrated within the existing society, with the present pattern of northwestern Indian society being the result. Tribal leaders and nobles were accepted as Kshattriyas, the second order of the Hindus. Some of the invaders' priests became Brahmans (the highest ranking caste). The Rajputs are divided between the Solar and Lunar races and those claiming to come from the great fire pit near Ajmer. Jarrals belong to Lunar Race. Rajput habits of eating meat (except beef) and other traits suggest both foreign and Aboriginal origins.

Historian refer to Lanepool

 

Jarrals Early History (BC)

Jarral Rajputs are the descendants of Raja Chander from the famous Chander Bansi family (Lunar Race). The family further claims to be from Pando ancestry mentioned in the Maha Bharat. Jarrals are the Aryans. Raja Hashtani had established city of Hashtana Pur located approximately 80 miles from Delhi on the bank of river Ganga. The city was destroyed due to heavy floods and one can now visit the ruins. The infamous war between the forces of Raja Pando and his stepbrothers for the throne is well covered in Maha Bharat. This battle was fought 1500 years BC in Ro Khashetar, which was won by the Pandoes. Pando family established city of Indar Parast, currently known as Delhi.

 

Jarral History (AD)

Kalanaur (The Jarral Capital)

Please click here to see a reference to Jarral presence in Gurdaspur on an official indian website

(Please click on appropriate link in google results then scroll down to Appendix II)

Raja Jamneyji awarded some areas of Punjab to his younger brother Raja Naka. Raja Naka selected this place as his capital, which is now known as QalaNaur (Kalanaur) in the district of Gurdaspur. Raja Jay Rao was the direct descendant of Raja Naka and his descendents are known as Jarrals. Kalanaur had been at one time the capital of Jarrals. Jarrals had always used "Shena" as suffix to their names, which means "Lion". Shena was adopted due to Raja Nanak Rao who was a tall, handsome and very brave Raja of his time.

Jarral's 1st Acceptance of Islam - 1187

The first great king of the Muslim period was Shahab-Ud-Din Ghauri who came to the throne in 1186. After consolidating his empire, attacked Kalanaur. Raja Saheb Shena was the ruler at that time. His son Raja Neil Shena commanded the forces of Jarrals but were defeated and Raja Saheb Shena accepted Sultan's suzerainty. During the course of time, Sultan Ghauri invited the Raja to accept the religion of Islam. Raja Saheb Shena accepted and became a devout Muslim. Sultan Ghauri gave him the name of Sher Afgan Khan and his son Raja Neil Shena was given the name of Noor-Ud-Din Khan. Persian being the official language of the time also became family language of the Jarrals. The Jarrals and their state became an outcaste and the Rajput States in India severed their relations.

Muslim Jarrals conquer Rajouri Estate in Kashmir - 1194 - ruled 650 years

Click here to see offical government site for rajouri to confirm the jarral history.

After the death of Raja Sher Afgan Khan, Noor-Ud-Din Khan became the Raja. Since the family had lost its relationship with other Rajas, they became weakened and decided to move to Kashmir. In 1194 AD, they under the garb of traders observed the ruler of Rajaur for sometime and then carried out a night attack on the city of Rajauri. Sardar Amna Pal was the ruler who was dethroned. The Jarrals ruled Rajauri for over 670 years.

Muslim Jarrals battle with Dogra & British forces for Rajouri - 1846

In 1846, under the terms of The Treaty of Amritsar, the British sold Kashmir to the Hindu Dogra ruler Gulab Singh. The Jarrals refused to live under the Dogra rule. The Jarrals were exiled as they kept fighting the Dogras and Maharaja was under the constant fear of losing Kashmir if other Muslim Rajput clans in Kashmir decided to join in with the fearsome Jarrals resulting in a deadly combination that would have had ripped apart the state of Jammu and Kashmir. However, the British came to their rescue and defeated the Jarrals. Since the Jarrals kept fighting the Dogras and did not accept the dogra rule, the British decided to move the ruling Jarral families to Rehlu in district Kangra in the Punjab. Other Jarrals remained in Rahjouri and continue to service the new Maharaja as part of the administration. To compensate the lost Rajauri State, the ruling Jarrals were awarded the territory of Rehlu. This ruling family is now known as Rehlu Jarrals or Wazirabad Rajas.

The Jarral Zaildari Nazaam for a further 100 years - to 1947

As the battle between the ruling Jarrals and the joint forces of the Dogras and British came to end, the Jarral ruler commanded that the non-ruling Jarrals were to be left alone. So only the ruling family (Rehlu Jarral Rajputs) were extradited graceful to Wazierabad, Punjab. Please read about this honorable family by clicking here.

Now the next generation of Jarrals joined the Dogra administration system participating partly in the collection of taxes under the 'Zaildari' system. The two prominent Zaildar families were the Jarral Rajputs from Prote with full 32 villages and 'Bal Jaralain' with 16 villages under their due restriction. Each village had to have a 'Numberdar' who would answer to the Zaildar for his village's tax collectibles. Again because the Jarrals already were running/ aware of the previous system, due to their competence they were also chosen to managed the Numberdari Nazam by majority. Although, high taxation was the Central Dogra Governments policy which incorporated 80% unless you owned the land. The land owner would pay around 10%. In Jarrals case they owned bulk of land themselves therefore paying the minimum. These lands were called 'Jageers'.

Known Zaildars in Rajouri

Mirza Pir Buksh - Brote Jarral
Mirza Khuda Buksh - Brote Jarral
Mirza Mohammad Hussain - Brote Jarral
Mirza Raj Mohammad - Bal Jarral

Fall of Dogras in Gilgit by (Late) Col. Hassan Jarral (1947)

Click here to see more sites from gilgit in acknowledgement of late Col. Hassan Jarral

Nov - 1947, Col. Hassan Khan Jarral who was then Company Commander - revolted against the ruling Gogras and captured Gilgit with a small team of Muslim Rajputs and locals. He also arrested the Governer 'Brigadier Ghansara Singh' and appointed Raja Raees Khan as President of the Republic.


650 years of Jarral Dynasty

The history of the Royal Jarrals and their dynasty that lasted 650 years over Rajouri. The 1st muslim rulers of Rajouri More

1947 - Gadar
100 years of Zaildari Nazaam
Find out about 1947 war and mass Jarral migration to Pakistan. Also the story of those who choose to stayed back. More
From Gadar to Gilgit
The story of Late Con. Hassan Jarral - The concorer of Gulgit 1947. More
Golden Moments (1947 to 2005)

The golden times for Jarrals after mass migration, the hardships and the return of Golden Moments. More

2006 AJK elections and a new Jarral era under modern politics. More

The history of those Jarrals who remain behind in Rajouri under the Dogra rule after the Ruling Jarrals were exciled to Punjab Pakistan. More